Indoor Quality Monitoring - A few Use Cases

Part 1 - Setting the Stage

This is the first part of a series of articles that wants to present different use-cases for Nuvap services. We will first define the framework for analysis and then will give specific examples of use-cases. In this analysis we will use an approach that follows few dimensions, that defines each one of the cases:

  1. Type of activity: [low – high] physically intensity indicates the degree of interacting with the environment

  2. Type of inhabitants: [static – dynamic] indicates the lenght of the presence of a person in the monitored area

  3. Quality of space maintenance: [low – high] indicates the probability to be in the “safe”, standard covered environments

  4. Internal H&S policies: {existence, enforcement} indicates the degree of importance of the environmental issues on the executives/management agenda

  5. Impact of pollutant: [low{type, value} – high{type, value}] indicates the immediate impact of a pollutant presence on the inhabitants, based on a “type x value” kind of metric.

  6. Possibility to fix: [(very)difficult – (very)easy] indicates the likeliness to fix an out of scale parameter on identification

For this exercise, we will consider two different actors Tenant and Landlord, each one with a different viewpoint. The main difference between them is given by the timescale of interest on the indoor air quality (short/long). If the Tenant is interested in months/years (as its tenure contract goes), the Landlord is mostly interested on a timescale equal with the building lifetime, disregarding how many tenants he will have meantime. The main source of the difference come from the fact that each one of these actors are facing different problems:

  • Business Space Landlord

    • Positioning into the high-competitive market of the business office buildings rental

    • Need for compliance with existing and future regulations

    • Increase the long term revenue of the business space

    • Decrease the need for expensive remodeling or reconditioning

    • Deal with continuous erosion of price/m2

    • Need to provide a high Facility Management SLA (Service Level Agreement) to its tenants

  • Business Space Tenant

    • Identify the space with the best fit for organisation activities

    • Increase efficiency of office rent related expenditures

    • Need for compliance with existing regulations

    • Deal with decrease of productivity

    • Deal with employees complaints about the work space

    • Increase the attractiveness of the workplace for new hires

Then, difference raises two different sets of requirements for a quality air monitoring solution:

Business Space Landlord

  • ability to monitor and control the environment for long term

  • ability to react instantly to correct the faults

  • ability to run forensics on existing/closed incidents

  • ability to identify root cause

  • ability to identify trends

  • ability to react on trends by applying corrections

  • ability to deal with different requirements from different groups of users

  • ability to integrate with other control systems for coherent response

  • ability to make the process discrete and non-intrusive

  • Business Space Tenant

    • ability to monitor the environment on (very)short term

    • ability to immediately announce any out-of-order parameter for correction

    • ability to publish the existing status for their own users

    • ability to run forensics on existing/closed incidents

    • ability to identify trends

    • ability to make the process discrete and non-intrusive

The frame described above allows us to build multiple use-cases accordingly with the specific requirements of some party that  considers the need for indoor monitoring. For the sake of argument we will present three different use-cases, briefly described below:

1. Regular Tenant: Bank (Financial Industry)

  • Use and manage rented space in the office building

  • Own its Health&Security rules and has a special department to enforce them for the well-being of the emplyees

  • Need continuous monitoring(hourly statistics)  to share with co-workers

2. Special Tenant: Wellness Centre (Wellbeing Industry)

  • Use and operates specific facilities

  • Specific profile for space usage: intensive, but short (high level of physical activity, but short presence on premises)

  • Carefully operated for hygiene control with powerful biocides and special HVAC that leads to an increased dynamic of parameters

  • Need near-real-time monitoring (hourly/daily statistics) to see both trends and actual values

3. Landlord: FM Company (Real-Estate Industry)

  • Own and/or administer and maintain the office building for many tenants

  • Maintain and develop the space to justify rental cost

  • Tight control of resources (e.g. energy consumption) to keep the indoor environmental quality

  • Need periodic monitoring (quarterly statistics) to share with tenants

    Details for each case will follow shortly.